The Holy Spirit In The Gospels Of Luke And John
~ WHO HE IS and WHAT HE DOES
By Rodney W. Francis
When I was asked to “Introduce the Holy Spirit” to a group of traditional, orthodox church people, it was from the following Scriptures in Luke and John’s Gospel that I used as my basis. The people were very hungry to receive and know more of the Holy Spirit so I have committed to paper the references to the Holy Spirit from those two Gospels:
LUKE Chapter 1:
In this first Chapter of Luke we read of four people receiving and/or being filled with the Holy Spirit:
John the Baptist:
- “He shall be filled with the Holy Ghost, even from his mother’s womb” (v.15).
- “He shall be a forerunner of Jesus in the spirit and power (“dunamis” ~ “power capable of anything”) of Elijah” (v.17).
- “The Holy Spirit shall come upon you” (v.35).
- “The power (“dunamis”) of the Highest shall overshadow (“cover, mantle”you” (v.35).
- Elisabeth was filled with the Holy as a result of unborn John leaping in her womb when Elisabeth heard the salutation (“blessings”) of Mary (v.41).
Zacharias (John the Baptist’s father):
- Through obedience to God, Zacharias was filled with the Holy Spirit (v.67).
- Zacharias prophesied (Holy Spirit gift and ministry) as a result (v.67).
LUKE Chapter 2:
- “The Holy Spirit was upon him” (v.25).
- He received revelation by the Holy Spirit that he would not die until he had seen the Christ (v.26).
- He was guided by the Holy Spirit (v.27).
LUKE Chapter 3:
- John testified that Jesus would baptize us with the Holy Spirit and fire (v.16).
- The Holy Spirit descended in a bodily shape like a dove upon Jesus (v.22).
LUKE Chapter 4:
- Jesus was led by the Holy Spirit into the wilderness, where He was tempted by the devil (v.1-2).
- Jesus returned from the wilderness in the power (“dunamis”) of the Holy Spirit (v.14).
- Jesus testified to the fulfilling of Isaiah 61 , declaring: “The Spirit of the Lord is upon Me . . .” (v.18).
- The Holy Spirit had anointed Him to preach the Gospel to the poor (“those who have nothing at all”) (v.18).
- The Holy Spirit had anointed Him to heal the broken-hearted (“shattered; rubbed together as to the heart”) (v.18).
- The Holy Spirit had anointed Him to preach deliverance (“setting free”) to the captives (“one taken by the spear, a prisoner of war”) (v.18).
- The Holy Spirit had anointed Him to give recovering of sight to the blind (v.18).
- The Holy Spirit had anointed Him to set at liberty them that are bruised (“to break, break in pieces”) (v.18).
- The Holy Spirit had anointed Him to preach the acceptable year of the Lord (v.19).
- The Holy Spirit anointing gave Jesus a power and authority they had never seen before (v.14, 22, 32, 36).
LUKE Chapter 11:
- Jesus taught that His Heavenly Father is more keen to give the Holy Spirit to those that ask Him, than a natural father loves to give gifts to his children (v.13).
LUKE Chapter 12:
The Holy Spirit will not be blasphemed (“to show contempt or disrespect for God in speech; to utter profanities, curses, or impious expressions” - Collins) and blasphemers of the Holy Spirit will not be forgiven (v.10).
- The Holy Spirit will teach us what to say in times of trouble (v.11-12).
LUKE Chapter 24:
- The “promise of the Father” is the baptism of the Holy Spirit (v.49).
- We are to “wait” until we receive Him (v.49).
- He endues (“to be clothed, be invested or provided with”) us with power (“dunamis”) from on High (v.49).
JOHN Chapter 1:
- John the Baptist said he saw the Holy Spirit coming down from Heaven like a dove (v.32).
- John saw Him come on Jesus and stay there (v.32).
- This was a sign to John that Jesus was/is the Baptizer in the Holy Spirit (v.32-34).
JOHN Chapter 3:
- Unless we are born of water and of the Holy Spirit, we cannot enter the Kingdom of God (v.5).
- Being born of the Holy Spirit makes us a spiritual being (v.6).
- Those born of the Holy Spirit are free like the wind (v.8).
- Jesus has an unmeasured supply of the Holy Spirit (v.34).
JOHN Chapter 4:
- “God is a Spirit” (the Holy Spirit) (v.24).
- He is to be worshipped in spirit and in truth (v.24).
JOHN Chapter 6:
- It is the Spirit that makes alive (v.63).
- The spirit comes alive through the words Jesus speaks to us (v.63).
- Jesus’ words are spirit and life (v.63).
JOHN Chapter 7:
- Jesus taught that the thirsty ones who believe on Him would receive the Holy Spirit (v.37-39).
- The Holy Spirit would flow out of us like rivers of living water (v.37-39).
- The Holy Spirit comes to those who believe (v.37-39).
- When Jesus taught this, the Holy Spirit had not yet been given (He came on the Day of Pentecost ~ Acts 2:1-4 ). (v.39).
JOHN Chapter 14:
- The Holy Spirit is the Comforter (“intercessor, consoler, advocate”) (v.16).
- He lives with us forever (v.16).
- He is the Spirit of truth (v.17).
- He is “foreign” to the world ~ they cannot receive Him (v.17).
- The Holy Spirit is unseen to the world (v.17).
- The Holy Spirit is unknown to the world (v.17).
- But He is known by those who love Jesus (v.17).
- He lives with us (v.17).
- He lives in us (v.17).
- The Holy Spirit in us is Jesus coming to us (v.18).
- The Holy Spirit comes as our Divine Comforter (v.18).
- Through the Holy Spirit we see Jesus (v.19).
- Through the Holy Spirit we live that resurrection life Jesus lives (v.19).
- When the Holy Spirit comes into us we then know that Jesus is in the Father, we are in Jesus, and Jesus is in us (v.20).
- The Holy Spirit helps us to love Jesus and keep His Word (v.21-23).
- The Holy Spirit in us ~ and our love for Jesus ~ means Jesus loves us and reveals Himself to us (v.21).
- Through the Holy Spirit the Father and the Son (Jesus) live inside of us (v.23).
- The Holy Spirit Comforter is sent to us by the Father (v.26).
- He is sent to us in the Name of Jesus (v.26).
- The Holy Spirit is sent to teach us all things (v.26).
- The Holy Spirit is sent to bring to our remembrance all the words of Jesus (v.26).
JOHN Chapter 15:
- The Comforter is sent by Jesus from the Father (v.26).
- He is the Spirit of truth (v.26).
- He comes from the Father (v.26).
- The Holy Spirit (in us) testifies/speaks of Jesus (v.26).
JOHN Chapter 16:
It was necessary for Jesus to go back to the Father so the Holy Spirit Comforter could come to us (v.7).
- Jesus sent Him to us (v.7).
- He (the Holy Spirit) reproves (“convicts”) the world of sin (v.8).
- He (the Holy Spirit) reproves (“convicts”) the world of righteousness (v.8).
- He (the Holy Spirit) reproves (“convicts”) the world of judgment (v.8).
- He (the Holy Spirit) convicts of sin because of unbelief (v.9).
- He (the Holy Spirit) convicts of righteousness because Jesus went to the Father (v.10).
- He (the Holy Spirit) convicts of judgment because the prince of this world (Satan) is judged (v.11).
- The Holy Spirit is the Spirit of Truth (v.13).
- The Holy Spirit guides us into all truth (v.13).
- The Holy Spirit does not speak of Himself (v.13).
- Instead, the Holy Spirit speaks those things He hears from Jesus (v.13).
- The Holy Spirit shows us things to come (v.13).
- The Holy Spirit glorifies Jesus (v.14).
- The Holy Spirit receives from Jesus (v.14).
- The Holy Spirit shows us those things He receives from Jesus (v.14).
- The Holy Spirit reveals to us the things the Father reveals to Jesus (v.15).
JOHN Chapter 20:
- Jesus said: “You receive the Holy Spirit!” (v.22).
These Scriptures are very much self-explanatory and I pray that you will come to know the Holy Spirit more as you meditate upon Who He is and What He does. God Bless you.